Tuesday, June 21, 2022

Kunta Kinte to Barak Obama

 


It was a long journey that started in Gambia, West Africa, 
A black boy named Kunta Kinte was brought to Maryland in chains, 
Enslaved for many decades in the cotton fields 
Worked, from sun-up, 'til sun-down, 
Kunta Kinte alias Toby saw no freedom, 
He was buried in an unmarked grave.


Kunta's generation lived in America, 
Until they searched for a new identity and freedom, 
Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation gave new hope, 
The Buffalo Soldiers fought for freedom, 
But the freedom was many miles away.


When Martin Luther King Jr said 'I have a dream', 
The dream that cherished freedom and equality, 
The dream that cherished justice and peace, 
But couldn't live until the dream was fulfilled.


Barack Obama continued King's dream, 
When he broke the racial barrier, 
Martin Luther King said from his grave, 
Thank you, Almighty I am free at last.


Ruwan M Jayatunge 

Monday, June 20, 2022

උමංදාවේ නිල් කට්‌රොල් පෝක් කරි රෙසිපිය (නිල් කට්‌රොල් සූකර මද්දව )



නිල් කට්‌රොල් පෝක් කරිය (නිල් කට්‌රොල් සූකර මද්දව ) සඳහා අවශ්‍ය ද්‍රව්‍ය 

ඌරු මස් 5 kg
සිහින්ව ලියාගත් ලූනු
කපාගත් අමුමිරිස්
සේර කෑල්ලක්
කරපින්චා
රම්පා කෑල්ලක්
ඉඟුරු , සුදුළූනු
කුරුඳු පොතු කෑල්ලක්
එනසාල් , කරාඹුනැටි
කහකුඩු
මිරිස් කුඩු
අමු තුනපහ කුඩු
බැදපු තුනපහ කුඩු
ගාගත් පොල් මේසහැඳි 2 ක්
ගොරක කෑල්ලක්
ලුනු
නිල් කට්‌රොල් මල් අහුරක්
රොබින් නිල් පැකට් 1


මස් ටික සෝදල කෑලි කපාගන්න. දැන් පොඩි පෑන් එකක් ලිපේ තියල රත් උනාම ගින්දර   අඩු කරල අමු තුනපහ ටික දුඹුරු පාට  වෙනකම් කබලෙ බැදගගෙන අයින් කරන්න. දැන් ඒ පෑන් එකටම මිරිස් කුඩු ටික දාල පාට වෙනස් වෙනකම් බැදගන්න. කර කරගන්න එපා. මිරිස් ටික අයින් කරල ඒ පෑන් එකටම පොල් මේසහැඳි දෙක දාල දුඹුරු පාට වෙනකම් බැදගන්න.  දැන් මස් එකට කහකුඩු , බැදගත් මිරිස් කුඩු , බැදගත් තුනපහ කුඩු සහ රස අනුව ලුනු එකතු කරල හොඳින් කළවම් කරල පැය බාගයක් වහල තියන්න. ඉන්පස්සෙ ඉඟුරු ,සුදුළූනු ටික හොඳින් පේස්ට් එකක් වෙනකන් තලාගන්න. දැන් ඒකටම එනසාල් කරාඹුනැටි දෙක බැඟින් සහ කුරුඳු පොත්ත දාල කෑලි හිටින්න තලාගන්න.  මස් උයන සාස්පාන ලිපේ තියල තෙල් මේස හැන්දක් දාන්න.  තෙල් ටික රත් උනාම ලියාගත් ලූනු , අමුමිරිස් එකතු කරන්න. ඉන්පස්සෙ  තලාගත් සියල්ල එකතු කරන්න. ගින්දර   අඩු මට්ටමේ තියාගන්න.   කරපින්චා , රම්පා සහ සේර කෑල්ල දාන්න. ටිකක් බැදෙනකොට සීසන් කරගත් මස් ටික එකතු කරන්න. හොඳින් කළවම් කරන්න. ගොරක කෑල්ලක් චුට්ටක් පොඩි කරල මේකට එකතු කරන්න. කළවම් කරල මද ගින්දරේ විනාඩි තුන හතරක් පියන වහල තියන්න. අවසානයේදී නිල් කට්‌රොල් මල් අහුරක් සහ රොබින් නිල් පැකට් එකක කුඩු හොද්දට එක් කොට හොඳට මිශ්‍ර කර ගන්න. 

Tuesday, June 14, 2022

Moby Dick -the Outstanding Work of the American Renaissance

 


Ruwan M Jayatunge M.D.

Herman Melville (1819-1891), was one of the most prominent American writers who wrote one of the greatest novels Moby Dick which is an outstanding work of the American Renaissance and can be considered the greatest book of the sea ever written. Moby Dick is a great modern myth written in "mythopoetic” style.  D. H. Lawrence called it "one of the strangest and most wonderful books in the world,”. The book was written at a time of great socio-economic and technical upheaval in America. The book also narrates the American whaling industry during its Golden Age.

Moby Dick is a deeply ambiguous text. It is the imaginative result of the tensions created by a dynamic, human mind interacting with a dynamic environment. The novel is an intensive exploration of man and his universe. In the novel theology, philosophy, and science confront directly the issue of ultimate reality and meaning. Herman Melville uses allegories to demonstrate life lessons. Herman Melville’s profound knowledge in Shakespeare, Milton, the Bible, Hinduism, and Buddhism had left significant imprints on Moby Dick. The moral message comes across through the biblical stories in the novel and is filled with references to the Bible and God. It combines themes of fate, religion, work ethic, and race throughout the entire novel. Melville often uses Shakespeare‘s dramatic technique and stylistic method. In this book, we find numerous directly-borrowed scenes from Shakespeare's plays.

Moby Dick can be read as a tragic drama at sea. Ahab the captain of the whaling ship Pequod, has an obsessive desire to kill the giant albino sperm whale Moby Dick which took his leg from the knee down and made him a cripple. Now he walks with a prosthetic leg that is made of whalebone. He is unable to acknowledge and mourn his own experience of shame, injury, and loss. Psychological distress following a traumatic injury influences his health, well-being, and quality of life. Captain Ahab has come for vengeance, not for profit.  His obsession contradicts the assignment of the Nantucket shipowners and puts his crew members at risk.

Ahab represents Melville's deepest exploration of the nature of insanity. Ahab's absorption with Moby Dick makes the culturally diverse crew uneasy and leads them to alienation, rebellion, doubt, and doom.  The crew suffers under a tyrannous master.

The ship’s first mate Starbuck who represents orthodox belief is a brave and kind man. He questions captain Ahab’s insane attempt and vengeance against an animal indicating that it is a pointless pursuit. However, Captain Ahab is adamant and wants to hunt down the white whale. Ahab and Starbuck were in grave dispute over the ship’s main mission. However, Starbuck is defeated and he gives up.  Starbuck is more likely “Prometheus” an emblem of resistance to unjust authority.

The crew makes several unsuccessful attempts to kill the white whale. At the final moment, the captain is convinced that Moby Dick is chasing him. Hence the hunter becomes the prey. In the end, the captain realizes that Moby-Dick is immortal.  It is a major epiphany in the novel. Finally, the Pequod is destroyed and drowned by Moby Dick killing the captain and all her crew. The captain’s manic defense against shame and loss caused a disaster.  Only the narrator Ishmael survives to tell the tale. He was saved by a ship named Rachel.  Ishmael's survival appears to suggest that salvation lies in liminality.

Captain Ahab is portrayed as a narcissist and his insane attempt ruins himself, the crew, and the Pequod. Ishmael is the novel's "central consciousness and narrative voice. Ishmael, by rejecting common society, announces himself to be an irregular person. Ishmael is a very complex character and he meets South-Sea islander Queequeg for the first time in the Spouter and becomes his best friend. The relationship between Ishmael and Queequeg is an explicit example of a cross-cultural interracial friendship. Queequeg is an experienced harpooner. He is a kindhearted man with deep religious beliefs. He offers worship to Yojo, the wooden pagan idol. Queequeg risks his life to save his fellow harpooners.

The novel apparently shows the conflict between good and evil and produces numerous interpretations. Moby Dick represents not evil, but purity-inviolable spiritual rectitude. Ahab perceives the evil of the entire world in Moby Dick. The chase of the great white whale is a metaphor for the obsessive pursuit of irrational goals.  The White Whale symbolizes nature. To Ahab, conquering the Whale is conquering nature. Moby Dick is an impersonal life force. Some critics regard the White Whale as a personification of God. Ahab is the embodiment of the fallen angel.  The hunt for the whale is a metaphor for "man's search for meaning in a world of deceptive appearances and fatal delusions. Some consider the hunt for the whale as a metaphor for an epistemological quest.

Carl Jung considered Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick to be America’s greatest novel. There are various types of symbolism and archetypes in Moby-Dick. Khalid M. Easa (Tobruk University) elucidates that Ishmael’s Sea journey, metaphorically a voyage of understanding, brings him away from worldly boundaries and closer to a spiritual realm. Moby-Dick. is a journey of growth and knowledge of the self.  Ahab's immoderate rage reflects the existential anger which is a common human condition.

Moby-Dick can be viewed from a Buddhist perspective. Melville was interested in Buddhism in the final decades of his life.  In Buddhist cosmology, Mara is associated with death, rebirth, and desire. The White Whale is representing Mara and the ocean is Saṃsāra which is defined as the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. Killing the whale is achieving nirvana which is to make earthly feelings like suffering and desire disappear. Nirvana is characterized by the extinction of desire and suffering and individual consciousness.

According to Michael Rogin -American political scientist Moby Dick is a story about work, a multiracial proletariat, leadership, political order and rebellion, slavery, and social issues. Ahab is running against time and fighting against reality.

Moby Dick blends symbolically rich fiction and poetry. The book discusses the conflict of man's godlike aspirations with his all-too-human limitations with obsessive urge to peruse his insane goals. Melville's works are filled with characters suffering the emotional anguish of a tormented soul and searching for something they can never find.

Moby Dick is a tragic drama, a tragedy in which all protagonists suffer obsession, vengeance, madness, and enormous brutality. Henry Myers' described the book as a story of a man who was himself destroyed in his efforts to destroy evil". Ahab’s betrayal of the ship-owners and his betrayal of his mates and the crew is a story of the decline and death of an organization.

 

 

References

Bernstein, J. (1982).  Herman Melville's Concept of Ultimate Reality and Meaning in Moby-Dick. Maca/ester College, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A 

Burkard Sievers (2013): Leadership and Monomania: Herman Melville's Moby-Dick.

Mehta, G.M. (2015). The. Fictional World of Herman Melville: A Critical Study of Some Selected Novels.”- University of Kota.

Melville, Herman; Moby-Dick. Edited by Harrison Hayford & Hershel Parker. New York: Norton.

Paul McCarthy (1987).  Forms of Insanity and Insane Characters in Moby-Dick

Peter Steadman (2011). An Evolutionary Analysis of Moby Dick: The Pequod's Search for Brotherhood, Status, and Mystery

Susan Elise Swanson (1991). Moby Dick, Ahab, and the name of the father. Lehigh University.

Zahra Gholami Nasrabadi (2016).   A Study of Allegories in Herman Melville’s Moby Dick with Religious Approach

 

 

 

Friday, June 10, 2022

ලංකාවට ඩොලර් ලබා ගත හැකි පහසුම ක්‍රමය



ලංකාවට ආදායම් වැඩි කර ගැනීමට බොහෝ ක්‍රම තිබෙනවා. එකක් තමයි අපේ ලංකාවේ මිනිසුන් තුල ස්වභාවිකවම , බෙහෙවින්ම පිරී ඉතිරී තිබෙන , අතිරික්ත වශයෙන් තිබෙන බහුලවම පැතිරී තිබෙන ඉරිසියාව , කුහකකම එක්ස්ට්‍රැක්ට් කරලා ඒවා පැකට් කරලා හෝ ටින් කරලා පිටරටට විකුණන එක. ලාංකික ඉරිසියා-කුහක කිලෝ එකක් ලෝක වෙලඳ පොලේ ඩොලර් 30 විතර වෙනවා. අපේ මිනිසුන් තුල ටොන් ගනන් තිබෙන මේවා එක්ස්පෝට් කලොත් වසරක් ඇතුලත අපේ විදේශ විනිමය සංචිතය ඩොලර් ට්‍රිලියන ගානක් වෙනකම් ඉහල නගිනවා

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